Kruger National Park – Part 3 – Satara and Letaba

11th to 14th October 2020


Our friends went to Satara a day earlier than us. We arrived as the rain paused making our life easier in setting up in the campground. Our friends had experienced some rather heavy rain during a big storm that night. We don’t normally put our sides up but we did while here in Satara in case there was a combination of wind as well as rain.

Exploration round the campsite was limited due to the heavy rain. It seemed the lions were enjoying the cooler weather. There were 6 lions close to camp – as usual lying down – beside the road in a rather bedraggled wet state.

The following morning we decided to drive along the S100. However when we got there the road was closed. We later learned that our friends had got there at opening time and the road was open. So we headed along the H6 to the N’wanetsi picnic site with the intention of visiting the Sweni hide close by. Not to be, the road to the hide was closed too.

However we did get a slight (maybe more) fright as a lone bull elephant came crashing out of the bushes.

Having travelled thus far into the Kruger, we at last had our first sighting of a Black-backed Jackal.

From there we went to Gudzani Dam along the S41 and enjoyed having the place to ourselves.

Gudzani Dam and African Openbill

As we passed the S100 we noticed that the road was open so we went back that way only to find it was still closed at the other end much to our annoyance. Somehow we managed to drive round the blocked road.

It was along the S100 that we had some good sightings of a variety of birds.

There was even an African Harrier-Hawk searching for food.

African Harrier-Hawk

Driving along the H7 we stopped at the Nsemani Dam with Brown-headed Parrots flying alongside the road right next to us.

Further along on the Timbavati Road we were fortunate to see 7 wild dogs. They were lying beside the roar in all sorts of contorted positions. One rose and promptly flopped down again.

We had heard good reports about a locally run campsite in Manyeleti. A reserve adjacent to the Kruger near the Orpen Gate. The next day we all decided to check it out. We were under-impressed. Bare stony and open campsite. However there was a large dam close by with numerous Collared Pratincoles flying about.

On the way photos were taken of several animals and birds.

In the 2 full days we were there we did identify 106 different bird species. Click on the link below to review our records.

From Satara we went to Letaba for 3 nights.


14th to 17th October 2020


The campsite at Lataba was only half full and we camped on the fence line for a change with bushes either side so although it was not necessarily that shady it was private from neighbours.

Both game and birds were unusually scarce in the area.

One of the animal highlights at our time in the Letaba area was seeing inquisitive Hyena pups alongside the car.

The African Scops Owl called each night in the camp – a magic sound.

This was well before the recent floods so the rivers were not that full and the landscape was parched.

The roadsides were lined by bright yellow bushes creating a colourful impression especially in the early morning light.

There were few campsite birds. Not surprising perhaps due to C-19 and the closure of the camps and the birds having to forage elsewhere. No easy snacks for them.

Stopping at Mingerhout Dam for a tea break we noticed a Black Egret below the dam wall and loads of Hippos frollicking in the water below.

Mingerhout Dam

Here are a few bird photos from our time in Letaba.

Despite the lack of many bird sightings, Sally managed to record 111 different bird species – seen and or heard. Click here to see the list.


Sally and Paul

PS Part 4 will follow soon with our stay at Tsendze.

An attempt to see an Egyptian Vulture

Report by Sally and Paul Bartho

19th to 27th July

Hyena pups

The Egyptian Vulture had hung around so long around the Oliphants Bridge that Sally and I took a decision to try our luck and spend some extra time in the Kruger taking our off-road campervan.

First we had to find nearby accommodation to the bridge. First attempt – no continuous availability for the duration planned. The next day we tried again and managed to find space in various camps for the period planned without any choice of length of stay at each.

So it was in a hut the first night in Pretoriouskop then 3 nights camping in Letaba followed by one night in Maroela Caravan Park near Orpen Gate then 3 nights camping in Malelane Rest Camp.

Off we set on the 19th from Howick and arriving in Pretoriouskop at around 15h00. Very nice to have a hut for the night after the long journey. Also fortunate to have a place to park with the campervan still attached to the car.

We managed a bit of camp birding before dark and had an unexpectedly good meal at the camp’s Wimpy restaurant.

Black-headed Oriole

The next morning we were up with the sparrows and exited the camp when the gates opened at 06h00. The park was dry yet there was water in the pans.

Our first sighting of note was a Cheetah crossing the road just ahead of us – too dark for photos.

We bipassed Skukuza and headed to Tshokwane for a late breakfast – amongst the pleading birds and monkeys. We were careful enough to keep our food safe unlike several of the other visitors who had their own biscuits dropped on top of them as the monkeys tried to open the packet.

One of the interesting observations we had was the comparison in differences in colour of the African Mourning Doves we had seen so far in the Park.

On the way to Tskokwane we were detoured around a bridge which had been swept away – literally – by the floods – see the pictures.

What it should look like.

And how it is now:

At about 13h30 we stopped on the Oliphants high water bridge – our prime destination. Fortunately you are allowed out of your vehicle between demarkated yellow lines. We stayed for 2 hours.

There were numerous vultures on the rocks and sand up stream- about 400 metres away. Most were easy to identify – White-backed mainly with several Hooded. However there was one group of vultures all close together which were more difficult to identify clearly as they blended one with the other. It was this group which we gave the most attention with our scope. But even with a 60x zoom it was difficult.

On occassion the group shuffled about helpfully. We identified the White-backed amongst the group and several Hooded.

But there was one – Hooded Vulture sized –  that appeared to have different facial markings. It did not have any red in its face so we assumed it was a juvenile Hooded however on closer inspection it seemed that there was no bare skin below its face.

Using the latest Roberts on page 136 we saw that there was a comparison of the faces of juvenile Hooded and Egyptian Vultures. Great excitement as we assumed we were seeing the head of the Egyptian but the bird rarely moved about and did not fly so we reluctantly agreed that we needed a better viewing for positive ID. The scope had more clarity than the photos shown below.

Several other people used our scope and they all thought they were seeing the same as us.

We eventually left to get settled in the campsite in Letaba – we still had a couple more days to come back and look.

Despite the knowledge that we had the very last campsite available, we were surprised to find a nice private site away from the hoards on the fenceline. The Letaba campsite must be one of the best for shade in the Kruger – not so important in the winter.

We were welcomed to our camp site by a seranade from a vocal and friendly White-browed Robin-Chat.

White-browed Robin-Chat

Over the next two days we paid seveal visits to the Oliphants high water bridge without success in seeing the Egyptian Vulture. However there were numerous birds to be seen there.



Grey Heron

Time was also spent visiting other places of interest in the area – Engelhardt Dam and Hide, Balule area and the Makhadzi picnic site.

At Engelhardt we went to the Matambeni Hide to see if we could spot the Skimmers. And we did manage to spot them at a great distance upstream from the hide. They tended to stay at the same sandy spot and whenever a potential predator flew overhead they chased it away – suggesting they may have a nest. Later on the same day we approached the area from the other side and spotted the pair again.

African Skimmers in the farthest sandbank seen from the Egelhard Hide

Other birds and nature of interest photographed at Matambeni Hide included:

Terrapins – rather large

We took a drive to the Makhadzi picnic site – near the border crossing into Mozambique. The birdlife to and around the picnic area was busy.

Kurrichane Thrush

From Letaba we headed south to Maroela Caravan Park near Orpen Gate.

Along the way we stopped frequently for Southern Ground-Hornbills – 4 times. Among those we only found one with a tag. Here are some photos.

But there were many other occassions when we saw interesting birds along the way. These included.

And a mystery raptor.

Mystery Raptor with long tail.


Also it is interesting to show together the variety of Hornbills seen on our trip:

And Lapwings:

Of Course the Lilac-breasted Rollers were everywhere.

Lilac-breasted Roller

And some of the animals:

On reaching Satara we hoped to find a vacant campsite there – nothing available. So we left our campervan in the car park and spent several hours exploring the area around Satara. The S100 – the N’wanetsi River Road is one of our favourites.

Along the way there was a herd of Waterbuck by the road and one of them appeared to be giving birth. We decided to stop and watch. However the Waterbuk walk to a shady spot and chose to lie down in its shade. We fully expected the birth to be quick so we waited. After half an hour with nothing we thought about moving off however we decided to wait a further 5 minutes. Our thoughts were with the poor Waterbuck as it seemed she must be having difficulty.

Then another 5 minutes with no change – so we decided to go and leave her in peace. All this time no cars had come along. Pulling out I checked my rear view mirror and thought I saw a dog in the road behind. But it was not a dog but a male Leopard. We reversed and found it hunkering down in the bush close to the road.

No doubt it was there because it was obviously aware that the Waterbuck was having difficulty with its labour. Perhaps we should have left it alone as it would have put the Waterbuck out of her misery. But we hung around until the Leopard slunk away.


Traveling round to the Sweni hide a variety of different birds were seen.

For a short time we got stumped identifying a bird. A bit like a Fiscal Flycatcher but it seemed to have a feint rufous collar around its neck.

Rufous necked

It was only when it turned round that we were able to ID it.

Then we spent some time at the Sweni Hide – always good for strange happenings. Here the Hippos were waking up and there were crocodiles about as well as a Black-crowned Night-Heron which we had seen in the exact same place the last time we visited.

Maroela Caravan Camp was an entertaing site with Hyena and Elephant traipsing round the outer fence line. The former hoping for tit bits without success. It is a small but pleasant site. However we were given advice to protect our food from Baboons and Badgers. We had no issues – arriving late and leaving early.

Unknowingly we took the back roads cutting across to the main H1-3 road which were well corregated all the way. I suppose this is expected due to the lack of rain. Skukuza was our next pit stop for a breather and loo break.

And then we got to the Malelane Camp just in time to set up and relax before sunset. So far the weather had been cool but here it got quite cold at night.

From Malelane camp we explored the area around Berg-en-dal as well as along the Crocodile River.

On our first day there we went out of the park to enter at Crocodile Bridge to drive with the sun behind us. It took a bit longer to get there than we expected as we hit major roadworks.

On entering the park at Crocodile bridge we came across a noisy bird party and on inspection the reason for the noise was obvious. There in the tree eating its prey was a Pearl-spotted Owlet.

Mpondo Dam was our next place to visit. On the way here are some of the birds we saw and photographed.

Mpondo Dam was a bit crowded but we managed to find a quiet spot. Elephants appeared further down, otherwise the wildlife was quiet.

Gardenia Hide is always worth a visit if there is water. As we arrived there were a herd of elephants in and out of the water. Getting up to antics, the young males were pushing each other around as tests of strength. One walked right up to the lookout point in the hide. Needless to say he had me scampering for the exit – the viewing windows are a lot bigger than usual in other hides. Two of the males seemd to kiss and make up – check the photo.

Kissing and making up

A pair of African Fish-Eagles were calling in a dry river bed and attracted our attention with their courtship. We were amused by their antics and their ruffling of feathers.

We came across a large herd of Buffaloes near a river bed – there must have been over 200 in one of the 3 groups nearest us all lying down.

The whole area was particularly dry and dusty especially around Berg-en-dal. Yet there were birds about and some good ones at that.

Cane fires were burning across the river from our campsite – thankfully the wind was blowing the ashes away from us – but they were seriously impressive.

Despite missing out on the Egyptian Vulture, the Kruger Park is a fantastic park to visit – one never knows what is round the next corner. In all we identified 143 different bird species. To see our list – click here.

Cane Fire


Hyena cuties

Paul and Sally Bartho

Zululand and the Kruger – Part 3

Satara 26 to 30 October 

Paul & Sally Bartho

Leaving Crocodile Bridge we drove to Lower Sabie, crossed the Sabie River and headed for Satara via Tshokwane arriving early afternoon.

Stopping for tea at Tshokwane we noticed this unusually dark African Mourning Dove.

African Mourning Dove - dark form
African Mourning Dove

After setting up camp we had a message on Trevor Hardaker’s Rare Birds report that a Green Sandpiper had been seen at the Sweni bridge just south of the camp. We went to have a look and it did not take us long to find it. This would have been a lifer for me had I not seen one a month earlier at Darvil sewerage works in Pietermaritzberg.

The following day we drove along the S100 to the Sweni Bird Hide near the N’wanetsi picnic site. Along the way we came across what we thought was a pair of Red-necked Spurfowls – however on advise from Trevor Hardaker they are in fact hybrids – Red-necked and Swainson’s. As there were two together, we hope that they are both of the same sex!

The Sweni Hide was one of the highlights of our trip. We were entertained there for hours not only by the crocodiles and hippos camouflaged by the weed but also by the variety of birds which visited the hide – including a pair of what we think might be Dwarf Bitterns (possible Green-backed Heron juvenile but for the heavy black streaking on the front – unfortunately not shown well in the photos) and several Black-crowned Night Herons.

Hippos resting in peace
Hippos in repose

The following morning we set off really early to get to the Sweni Hide as we had enjoyed it so much the day before. On the way as we crossed a bridge and looked down we saw 2 elephants digging for water. There was a pool nearby but it was obviously not to their taste. What was interesting was that the hole they dug with their trunks was perfectly round and several feet deep. The elephants knew the water was there and that the sand would filter the water for them.

Elephants searching for water
Elephants searching for water

 As we reached the hide we first went to the river crossing and looked back up to the hide. What a good decision. In the closest part of the river Sally noticed an unusual bird – the first of four different sightings of this bird.

Some of the other birds and animals we managed to photograph in the area include:

Altogether we found 140 different bird species in and around Satara.

Next we moved on to Tsendze – the satellite camp to Mopani. It is situated next to the Mooiplaas picnic area. See Part 4 of this series.


Pied Babbler in the Kruger?- not!

This photograph of a bird seen in the Kruger has just been sent to me. Apparently it was taken on 17th April 2014. I am trying to get more details as to exactly where it was taken.

I am not confident that this is a Pied Babbler – way out of range according to SABAP 1 and 2 – so I thought I would share it with you. Once I have more details I intend to send it in to ADU as an incidental report if confirmed. Please correct me if I am wrong about its ID.

Pied Babbler?? or Leucistic?
Pied Babbler?? or Leucistic?

Trip to Kruger 10 days end January and early February 2014.


Noreen & Roger Broomhall

Beautiful Kruger scene
Beautiful Kruger scene

Trip Itinerary: – 1 night Hazeyview; 3 nights Letaba; 3 nights Satara; 3 nights Byamiti.

Weather  – Generally overcast with temps around 32C . If the sun did come out in full, temps jumped up into the 40ties.

Kruger camps – clean and tidy and staff pleasant and accommodating.

Late Afternoon near Satara
Late Afternoon near Satara

Birds IDed 161 with 3 lifers.

We decided to take Nick Norman’s advice from his book (GEOLOGY – OFF THE BEATEN TRACK  exploring South Africa’s hidden treasures). We drove Gingindluvu to eMkhondo on R66/R34/R33. This is a far more direct route, easier driving without giant transport trucks & one can see a wealth of geology too.

We had an overnight stop in Hazyview & then through Bushbuckridge to enter Kruger at Orpen Gate.  We were immediately amazed at the lush green bush & golden grasses of a wet mid-summer.

Our first VERY exciting  observation was of a Burchell’s Starling feeding a sub-adult Great Spotted Cuckoo in the middle of the road.

The Letaba river and all the main streams and rivers were pretty full with loads of hippo. Yellow-billed, White and Saddle-billed Storks were plentiful as well as Openbills.

The  Engelhart Dam was  overflowing & Woodland Kingfishers seemed to be calling from every tree.

Woodland Kingfisher
Woodland Kingfisher

We saw many  Carmine Bee-eaters as well as a Great White Egret in breeding plumage with his emerald green eye & plumes off his rump.

Great Egret
Great Egret

Our first outing was a visit to Olifants Rest Camp & we had to change route twice due to low level crossings being flooded. The Olifants viewing sight provided us with our first experience of a full flowing Olifants river.

Rain overnight & overcast weather dropped the temperatures to the 30s for the rest of our trip.

En route to  Satara we stopped at Timbavati  where the guard pointed out a Scops Owl sleeping in a huge Boer-bean tree.

Scops Owl
Scops Owl

European Rollers were far more common than the Lilac-breasted Rollers.

European Roller
European Roller

It seems that some birds flock this time of the year especially with the heavy rains -Blacksmiths Lapwings & Three-banded Plovers were  frequently seen in large flocks, especially next to the wet roads.

A drive to Nwanetsi for a cooked breakfast is compulsory & we saw Southern Ground Hornbill as well as Kori Bustard on the way.

Southern Ground-Hornbill
Southern Ground-Hornbill

Sweni Hide was not as rewarding as usual, due to it being filled to capacity but this did set up a photo opportunity with a family of Thick-billed Weavers as well as Green backed herons.

Juvenile Thick-billed Weaver
Juvenile Thick-billed Weaver

We drove south for the last 3 nights at Byamiti where we had our first sightings of Red-backed Shrikes  & Lesser Grey Shrikes.

We experienced a sight of White Storks & Carmine Bee-eaters feeding opportunistically while hovering above a herd of Impala.

Beautiful Kruger scene
Beautiful Kruger scene

In general we saw or heard most of the cuckoos but seeing the Common Cuckoo was exciting as this was a lifer.

Could not resist the targeted backsides of 3 Waterbuck!


In general we saw lots of raptors, Bateleur being most common and  also many large flocks of vultures. Also seen frequently were Brown & Black-chested Snake-Eagles , Wahlberg’s , African Harrier Hawk, African Fish Eagle,  Lesser Spotted and Tawny Eagle.

On a drive to Crocodile Bridge on our last day we came across a pack of Wild Dogs on the road. As we hadn’t seen any cats this was very rewarding. (Most other  visitors had seen cats on numerous occasions).

Our last special sighting were Senegal Lapwings near CrocodileBridge which was a lifer for us & a great end to our holiday.

PS  Anyone driving through Swaziland be warned as pot holes are very bad & beware of road works between Malelane & Nelspruit with 40min hold ups.

Sunset near Orpen
Sunset near Orpen